We investigated the effects of bowel movements of women who have chronic constipation by having them ingest cooked King Trumpet mushrooms (Eryngii). The ingestion of King Trumpet mushrooms might cause an increase of the frequency of defecation and improvements of bowel movement and character of stool. Women who have chronic constipation to the number of 15 (45.3 years of mean age) had a meal added 50g of cooked King Trumpet mushrooms for 30 consecutive days on breakfast and lunch time, respectively. Then, they filled out a questionnaire seeking information about changes of the frequency of defecation, bowel movement and character of stool.
An overview of obesity and metabolic syndrome
According to The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), “Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke. The term “metabolic” refers to the biochemical processes involved in the body’s normal functioning. Risk factors are traits, conditions, or habits that increase your chance of developing a disease. Metabolic syndrome is becoming more common due to a rise in obesity rates among adults.” – NHLBI / Metabolic Syndrome
An overview of arteriosclerosis
Excess cholesterol in the bloodstream is a major cause of arteriosclerosis. Cholesterol builds up on the walls of bloodvessels, forming atherosclerotic plaque.
Blood vessels become more prone to clogging, and may be lead to issues such as: cardiac infarction, cerebral infarction/ stroke and aortic aneurysm.
An overview of diabetes
According to The NICHD, “Diabetes is a condition in which the body’s levels of blood sugar and the hormone insulin are out of balance. It is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and its numbers are constantly rising.” – The NICHD / Diabetes: Overview
What is the role of thiamine or vitamin B1?
Vitamin B1, the first member of the vitamin B complex family, is an essential nutrient for the body.
Vitamin B1 is required by the body to establish ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is used by cells, in the body, to release energy.
Vitamin B1 aids in changing carbohydrates to glucose. In other words, it transforms foods consumed, into energy that the body requires. In addition, it also helps break down fats and protein.
Thiamine helps to promote a healthy and active nervous system, and also improves the functioning of the heart.
Also known as the “anti-stress” vitamin, vitamin B1 vitamins helps the body to withstand intense stress and helps to promote healthy hair, skin, mouth, liver and eyes.
Lack of vitamin B1 may cause diseases such as:
- You might suffer from both dry and wet varieties of Beriberi.
- Alcoholics might experience severe brain abnormalities such as the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
- Possibilities of Anorexia.
- Heart failure and increased heart rate.
- Congestion in the lungs.
- Burning and prickling sensation in the feet and toes.
- Abnormal development of nerves and muscles.
- Frequent fatigue and psychological depression.
- Nausea and headaches.
- Discomfort in abdomen.
- Chances of developing cataracts.
- Elevated possibility of getting Alzheimer’s disease.
Vitamin B1 might be created exclusively in fungi, bacteria and plants despite all living creatures needing it. It is an important nutrient for humans because, like all other animals, they need to acquire it through their diet. While a deficiency in mammals leads to optic neuropathy, Korsakoff’s syndrome and Beriberi disease, which attacks the cardiovascular system and/or the peripheral nervous system, in birds, polyneuritis is far more common due to the lack of vitamin B1. If left untreated, a deficiency might even prove to be fatal. In cases which are not severe, there might be occurrences of weight loss, confusion, malaise and irritability.
Thiamine mononitrate, which is non-hygroscopic, is the Vitamer which has been employed for food and flour fortification. Vitamin B1 is on the list of one of the most crucial medications required in a rudimentary health system, namely, the List of Essential Medicines of the World Health Organization.
When thiamine became the first water soluble vitamin to be detected, many more such trace compounds necessary for the survival were gradually discovered .
A surgeon general who worked in the Japanese navy by the name of Kanehiro Takaki had refused the earlier germ theory attributed to beriberi and contemplated that it was caused due to deficiencies in diet. He discovered that when he switched the diet of white rice to a diet consisting of bread, meat, barley, milk and vegetables, he was able to reduce beriberi on a navy ship on a voyage. But having randomly added food products into the diet which was successful, he wrongly thought that the beriberi was cured due to the increased intake of nitrogen.
However, in 1905, anti beriberi factor was found in brown barley rice and rice bran and Takaki’s efforts were appreciated finally. He was made a baron in the peerage system of Japan and Takaki was henceforth known as the ‘Barley Baron.’
What is the role of Niacin or Vitamin B3?
The third member of the vitamin B complex family, vitamin B3 or niacin (nicotinic acid), also has 2 other variations called niacin amide (nicotinamide) and inositol hexanicotinate.
The roles of vitamin B3 in the body
Lack of vitamin B3 may cause various diseases including pellagra.
Vitamin B3 / Niacin
What is the role of vitamin B12?
Another member of the vitamin B complex family is vitamin B12 or cyanocobalamin and is one of the essential vitamins. However, because vitamin B12 is not abundant in many vegetables, vegetarians and vegans resort to vitamin B12 supplements or food fortified with B12. Mushrooms are a great source of vitamin B12 and a natural alternative to supplements.
“Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that:
- helps keep the body’s nerve and blood cells healthy
- helps make DNA, the genetic material in all cells”. – od.nih.gov
Vitamin B12 may boost energy and endurance levels and might help prevent heart diseases and strokes.
Lack of vitamin B12 may cause conditions such as:
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
- Loss of weight and appetite
We continue to commemorate mushrooms during the month of September; however, the ninth month of the year is also National Cholesterol Education Month and National Self Improvement month (no kidding).
Over twenty years ago, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) launched the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) in order to help reduce illness and death from coronary heart disease (CHD) by reducing the percent of Americans with high blood cholesterol.
Most kids are excited about the prospect of going back to school–new clothes, new books, new supplies, –an opportunity to reconnect with classmates. But going back to school also means increased exposure to germs. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that nearly 22 million school days are lost each year due to the common cold, flu and other infections.
And, unfortunately, as nationwide budget cuts increase, larger class sizes, shorter school years and fewer staff, including janitorial services means a less clean classroom.
When preparing children for going back to school, learning about germ prevention and healthy habits are just as important as reading, writing and arithmetic.
National Men’s Health Week is celebrated each year as the week leading up to and including Father’s Day, which this year occurs between June 14th and June 22nd. The purpose of Men’s Health Week is to increase awareness of preventable health problems and to encourage early detection and treatment of disease among men and boys. Research has shown us that a diet high in plant foods can help lower risk for disease such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes. Good dietary habits can begin at any age and mushrooms may contribute significantly towards better health.